During WWII the Germans deployed U-Boats, submersible boats. German naval commander Karl Dönitz used the term Rudeltaktik to describe his strategy of submarine warfare in the Atlantic against the United States and European forces. The word is best translated as tactics of a pack and became best known in English as “WolfPack”.
U-Boats were controlled by the German version of the Commander of Submarines known as the Befehlshaber der Unterseeboote (BdU). The BdU closely coordinated their submersibles much more so than American submarines controlled. During the war American Sub Commanders had great leeway once they were on patrol. But their German counterparts coordinated their efforts constantly with the BdU. Continue reading →
As humans we know that Apex predators, such as ourselves, can adversely affect the world in which we live in. Over hunting, over fishing and destruction of our natural resources have put humankind on a stopwatch that counts down to our own extinction. But it doesn’t have to be that way.
Have a look at this amazing video on The National Geographic website, showing how one species can have a massive cascading effect on the entire ecosystem in which it lives… and even alter the geography of the area. All for the betterment of the area and those in it.
Human/wildlife conflict is a reality of growing populations around the world, and the fact is that we need to learn to live beside wildlife if we are to maintain our wonderful thriving ecosystems in the future. ~ National Geographic
Wolves generally travel in packs, lead by a breeding pair. They frequently establish territories ranging from 40 to more than 400 square miles. Defining their range with scent markings and vocalizations such as growls, barks, and their legendary howl.
Where food is plenty within the territory, a pack can number up to 30 wolves. Where prey is limited, the pack can range from 4 individuals to 7. What ever their number, the wolf pack is one of the most cohesive families in the nature kingdom.
We are learning more about the wolf in modern times thanks to the efforts of the U.S. Park Service to re-introduce the wolf back into Yellowstone National Park. You can follow the Wolves in Yellowstone on the National Park Services website. Continue reading →