HTML 106 – Special Characters

asciiUsing Special Characters

In your web page design it maybe necessary for some part of your textual information to include special characters, such as the copyright or trademark symbol.

These special characters are referred to as ASCII Characters. The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) was developed from telegraphic codes. Its first commercial use was as a seven-bit teleprinter code promoted by Bell data services.

ASCII includes definitions for 128 characters: 33 are non-printing control characters (many now obsolete)[7] that affect how text and space are processed and 95 printable characters, including the space (which is considered an invisible graphic)Wikipedia ASCII.

Today’s HTML and Blog editors allow you to simply copy the symbol and paste it into your text. Back in the day, you could only add these characters by knowing the special ASCII Code. You can find codes for the Office, Business, Math, Currency, Astrological and Weather symbols and even Chess and Playing Cards.

Coding ASCII Codes
Using an ASCII characters in HTML is easy. You can copy the symbol and paste it, or you can type the ASCII HTML Character code in your source code. When you return to the visual view, it should be there.

You can also find a list of codes at the Unicode Consortium. Specifically, you can go to the Character Name Index and use their search to find a particular symbol, such as “thumbs up” and they’ll show you several results. Look for the pdf files that contain the codes.

Here’s a caveat though; when you are coding the symbol in HTML, you must add a ; semi-colon after the number. Ie:  ♨ gives you hot springs → ♨

Profession / Business Symbols
hot springs &#9832 cut above &#9985
cut here &#9986 cut below &#9987
scissors &#9988 airport jet airplane &#9992
film reel – tape spool &#9991  ☺
Form / Office Symbols
Trademark &#153 © copyright &copy
&#169
® Registered &reg
&#174
public pay phone &#9990
phone number – phone service &#9742 phone symbol outline &#9743
Service Mark ℠ care of ℅
Sound Recording Copyright &#8471 Prescription symbol &#8478
check mark &#10003 heavy check mark &#10004
multiplication sign X &#100005 heavy multiplication sign X &#10006
ballot X &#10007 heavy ballot X &#10008
quotation mark single comma &#10076 quotation mark single turned comma &#10075
quotation mark double comma &#10078 quotation mark double turned comma &#10077
check box – ballot box &#9744 ballot box check mark &#9745
ballot box with X &#9746 envelope mail email &#9993
signature – sign here &#9997 victory sign &#9996
pencil diagonal up &#1000 pencil diagonal down &#9998
pencil &#9999   ☺
Currency Symbols
¢ Cents &#162 ¤ General Currency &#164
ƒ Dutch guilder &#131 £ Pound Sterling &#163
¥ Yen &#165 Euro &#8364
&euro
Mathematical Symbols
Per-Thousand &#137 ¼ One forth fraction &#188
Per 10k or Base Point &#8241 ½ One half fraction &#189
µ Lowercase mu &#181 ¾ Three fourths fraction &#190
± Plus over minus &#177 ¬ Not Sign &#172
To create fractions not in the list, you can use html code:
<font size=”-1″><sup>2</sup>⁄<sub>3</sub></font> = 23
Weather Symbols
° Degree Symbol &#176 numero symbol – number sign &#8470;
Farenheit &#8457; Celsius &#8451;
sunshine – sun &#9728 cloudy – cloud &#9729
raining – rain &#9730 snow – snowman &#9731
star outline &#9734 star solid &#9733
thunderstorm &#9736 lightning &#9735
comet &#9732  ❄ snowflake &#x2744
Science Symbols
skull & crossbones &#9760 caution sign &#9761
radioactive sign &#9762 biohazard sign &#9763
Female Ordinal &#9792 Male Ordina &#9794
Punctuation & Writing Symbols
& Ampersand &#38 · Middle dot &#183
Legend symbol &#134 Double Legend &#135
Paragraph sign &#182 § Section mark &#167
¡ Reversed exclamation &#161 ¿ Inverted Question &#191
¹ Footnote 1 &#185 ² Footnote 2 &#178
³ Footnote 3 &#179 ª Footnote a &#170
« Left Guillemet &#171 » Right Guillemet &#187
Asterism &#8258 Hedera Printers Flower 1 &#10086
Hedera Printers Flower 2 &#10087 Hedera Printers Flower 3 &#9753
Spiritual / Language Symbols
Latin Roman Cross &#10013 Latin Cross 3D shadow &#10014
Latin Cross outline &#10015 Maltese Cross &#10016
Caduceus or “Kerykeion” &#9764 Ankh &#9765
Eastern Christian Cross &#9766 Chi Rho Cross &#9767
Patriarchal Cross &#9768 Greek Cross &#9769
Crescent Moon & Star &#9770 Farsi symbol &#9771
Adi Shakti &#9772 hammer & sickle &#9773
peace sign &#9774 yin & yang &#9775
Star of David &#10017 Saltire – St. Andrew’s Cross &#9747
Ohm &#8486 Inverted Ohm &#8487
Dharma Wheel &#9784   ☺
Trigram Symbols
Trigram  Heaven &#9776 Trigram  Lake &#9777
Trigram  Fire &#9778 Trigram  Thunder &#9779
Trigram  Wind &#9780 Trigram  Water &#9781
Trigram  Mountain &#9782 Trigram  Heaven &#9783
Musical Symbols
musical quarter note &#9833 musical eighth note &#9834
musical single bar note &#9835 musical double bar note &#9836
flat note &#9837 natural note &#9838
sharp note &#9839   ☺
Astrological Symbols
conjunction &#9740 opposition &#9741
ascending node &#9738 descending node &#9739
waxing crescent moon &#9789 waning crescent moon &#9790
Mercury &#9791 Venus – Female symbol &#9792
Earth symbol &#9793 Mars – Male symbol &#9794
Jupiter &#9795 Saturn &#9796
Uranus &#9797 Neptune &#9798
Pluto &#9799 Aries &#9800
Taurus &#9801 Gemini &#9802
Cancer &#9803 Leo &#9804
Virgo &#9805 Libra &#9806
Scorpio &#9807 Sagitarius &#9808
Capricorn &#9809 Aquarius &#9810
Pisces &#9811 Sun &#9737
Smiley Faces & Such
frowning face &#9785 outline smiley face &#9786
closed smiley face &#9787

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